consumer voice testing of one litre packaged drinking water

consumer voice testing of one litre packaged drinking water

Consumer voice testing of one litre packaged drinking water

Packaged Drinking Water

Packaged drinking water is now most commonly used by people everywhere. Whether travel, office or school, 1 lt packaged drinking water is used by one and all. But are they all safe? Do they meet the standard requirements? In order to find out the safety of 1 lt packaged drinking water, Consumer VOICE tested conducted in a NABL accredited lab.  Other than lab testing some of the general observations that were made included the packing of drinking water and  markings/labelingmrequirements were verified as per the Indian standard requirements.

Products Tested: Bisleri, Bailley, Rail Neer, Kingfisher, Bonaqua, Kinley, Aquafina

Which are the parameters covered in the testing of 1lt packaged drinking water?

The comparative test programme was based on the mandatory Indian standard IS 14543:2016. The test parameters for this study were mainly based on Indian Standard to judge the overall quality of packaged drinking water and also by following the FSS Regulations/requirements.

What is TDS in packaged drinking water?

TDS or Total Dissolved Solids is directly related to the quality of water purification systems and affects everything that consumes, lives in, or uses water, whether organic or inorganic. As per the Indian standard, TDS in packaged drinking water should be 500 mg/liter maximum. Drinking-water becomes significantly and increasingly unpalatable at TDS levels greater than 1000 mg/litre.

What are the parameters concerning toxic substances?

As per the national standard, the toxic substances which should be within prescribed limit of Indian standard present in packaged drinking water are Mercury, Cadmium, Arsenic, Cyanide, Lead, Chromium and Nickel.

What are test results?

All the tested brands were found safe for human consumption as they had complied with the Bureau of National Standard requirements IS 14543. Click here to get the copy of the digital magazine right now.


What Is Packaged Drinking Water?

What Is Packaged Drinking Water?

What Is Packaged Drinking Water?

Health Insurance

It is water derived from varied sources including surface, ground or sea and subjected to treatment like decantation, filtration (including aeration filtration with membrane filter, cartridge filter, activated carbon filtration), demineralisation, mineralisation and reverse osmosis. The packaged water is also disinfected before being packed so that it does not get contaminated until consumed within a specific time.

The packaged drinking water shall be filled in sealed containers of various compositions, forms and capacities that are suitable for direct consumption without further treatment. In case demineralisation is a part of the treatment process, the ingredients used shall be of food-grade quality and conform to the requirements set by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and rules framed thereunder.

Packaged water contains many chemicals and as a consumer we don’t understand what they are and what they can do to our bodies. Here are a some details on the ingredients and their effects :

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium that is naturally found in many types of drinking water. Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause a range of infections but rarely causes serious illness in healthy individuals without some predisposing factor. It predominantly colonises damaged sites such as burn and surgical wounds, the respiratory tract of people with an underlying disease and physically damaged eyes. To know more on the exact amount required in your bottled water click here.  

  •  Nitrate is a colourless, odourless and tasteless compound that is present in some groundwater. High nitrate levels in water can cause methemoglobinemia or blue baby syndrome, a condition found especially in infants less than six months old. The stomach acid of an infant is not as strong as in older children and adults. This causes an increase in bacteria that can readily convert nitrate into nitrite (NO ). To know the right Nitrate amount to consume look at the comparative test on which bottled water is safe to drink.
  • Fluoride is a natural mineral found throughout the earth’s crust and widely distributed in nature. Some foods and water supplies contain fluoride. Fluoride is often added to drinking water to help reduce tooth decay. Exposure to excessive consumption of fluoride over a lifetime may lead to increased likelihood of bone fractures in adults and may also result in effects on bone, leading to pain, tenderness and fluorosis on long intake of affected water. Children aged eight years and younger exposed to excessive amounts of fluoride have an increased chance of developing pits in the tooth enamel, along with a range of cosmetic effects on teeth. Its good to know the amount of fluoride in your water.
  • Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water.Chloride occurs naturally in ground water and most common anion in tap water. Chloride in drinking water is generally not harmful to people until high concentrations are reached, although chloride may be injurious to some people suffering from diseases of the heart or kidneys. Restrictions on chloride concentrations in drinking water are generally based on taste requirements rather than on health. Liquid chlorine is mixed into drinking water to destroy bacteria. The maximum permissible limit for chloride and sulphate as per IS is 200 mg/litre.
  • Sulphate is a naturally occurring substance that contains sulphur and oxygen. Sulphate is generally considered to be non-toxic. However, the consumption of drinking water containing high amounts of sulphate may result in intestinal discomfort, diarrhoea and consequently dehydration.
  • TDS stands for total dissolved solids, and represents the total concentration of dissolved substances in water. TDS is made up of inorganic salts, as well as a small amount of organic matter. Water is a good solvent and picks up impurities easily. As per WHO guidelines for drinking water quality, water with extremely low concentrations of TDS may be unacceptable to consumers because of its flat, insipid taste. At the same time, drinking water becomes significantly and increasingly unpalatable at TDS levels greater than about 1,000 mg/litre.
  • Radioactive minerals occur irregularly in the bedrock, similar to other minerals such as iron and arsenic. Radioactive alpha and beta emitters dissolve easily in water. The principal health concerns associated with regulated radionuclides in water include: radon gas increases the risk of lung cancer; uranium increases toxicity risk to the kidneys; and radium increases one's risk of bone cancer. It’s important to know in the packaged water brands contain radioactive emitters or not, to know more on the comparative safe bottled water test on 12 brands click here.


No need to pay extra for bottled water at cinemas, malls and airports: Ram Vilas Paswan

No need to pay extra for bottled water at cinemas, malls and airports: Ram Vilas Paswan

No need to pay extra for bottled water at cinemas, malls and airports: Ram Vilas Paswan

Packaged water bottle

As consumers, we feel helpless when we get charged extra for buying packaged water at cinema halls, railway stations and airports even though the maximum retail price (MRP) is printed on the bottle. Charging extra for bottled water has been in practice for a long time and so far no concrete decision has been made to stop this.

In this regard, we can refer to Section 36 of Legal Metrology Act, 2009, which says: Penalty for selling, etc., of non-standard packages – whoever manufactures, packs, imports, sells, distributes, delivers or otherwise transfers, offers, exposes or possesses for sale, or causes to be sold, distributed, delivered or otherwise transferred, offered, exposed for sale any pre-packaged commodity – which does not conform to the declarations on the package as provided in this Act, shall be punished with fine which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees, for the second offence with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees, and for the subsequent offence with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees or with imprisonment for a term
which may extend to one year or with both.

Yet, while the law has existed since 2009, many consumers pay more than the MRP to buy bottled water and cold drinks. This is mainly because consumers are not aware about their rights – that they can in fact deny to pay more than the MRP.
In this context, stating that consumer forums are receiving a huge chunk of complaints related to prices of bottled water, the consumer affairs minister Ram Vilas Paswan has declared that from now on bottled water will be sold at same MRP across all platforms. According to Paswan, packaged drinking water is often sold at rates that are 10 per cent to 20 per cent higher and even sold without MRP at some locations. The complaints reveal that a few companies are actually printing different MRPs on the bottles. Paswan has asked all companies to sell their bottled water at the same price irrespective of the place where it is sold. The ministry has asked such companies to reply on the matter and made it clear that bottled water will now be sold at the same price throughout the country. Those who choose to ignore the ruling will be penalised. The penalty for first-time offenders is Rs 25,000, for second time it is Rs 50,000, and thereafter it is Rs 100,000 and imprisonment for one year.

It may be noted that in February 2016 the apex consumer commission imposed a fine of five lakh rupees on a multiplex in Jaipur for selling packaged drinking water at more than the MRP. Even after this, though, consumers are getting charged extra because no one reported the matter.

The ministry’s declaration is yet to become law and many associations are contesting cases on this subject in the courts to circumvent this. Until the final decision is passed by a court, consumers can do their bit by being alert and reporting anyone violating the rule.


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