Road Safety Initiative


Report on Analysis of status of Road Safety Laws and Policies related to key risk factors

Consumer VOICE, dedicated to road safety issues, recently concluded a  research on national-level and 2 state level laws and policies concerning safety risk factors. High casualties states of UP & MP were covered. The aim was to pinpoint any deficiencies in MVAA 19 and matching state policies, enabling us to formulate recommendations for policymakers. These recommendations will address the identified gaps and propose additional measures for more effective implementation of MVAA19.

Furthermore, there exist state-level rules, regulations, policies, schemes, and best practices associated with these risk factors. Therefore, in their target states, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, an analysis of these laws and policies was essential. Specifically, this analysis encompasses the examination of state motor vehicle rules, state road safety policies, and action plans related to the specified risk factors. Besides this, Amendment of MVAA 19 is also being proposed for advocacy. 

Read the full report here

Consumer VOICE observes 7th UN Road Safety Week


Nitin Gadkari, the Road Transport, Highways, and MSME Minister said road fatalities can be reduced by 50 per cent by 2025 as against the target of 2030 while addressing a webinar organised by Consumer VOICE along with the other partners of the Road Safety Network.  The webinar was organised on September 1, 2020 to mark the completion of one year of Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019. Read More


According to the road transport and highways ministry, half a million accidents are reported in India every year, in which 150,000 people lose their lives.
A long awaited Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019 that introduces several amendments in the 30-year-old law has been passed by the Lok Sabha on 23rd July 2019 and Rajya Sabha on 31st July 2019. President Ram Nath Kovind on 9th Aug 2019 gave assent to the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019, that aims to make Indian roads safer, reduce corruption and use technology to overhaul the country’s transportation system.

The amendments mainly focus on issues relating to improving road safety, citizens’ facilitation while dealing with the transport department, strengthening rural transport, last-mile connectivity and public transport, automation and computerization and enabling online services. The Bill was introduced in Parliament by the road transport and highway ministry in 2016, after which it was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2017. However, it failed to gather support in the Rajya Sabha.




The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) notified, the provisions of Motor Vehicles Amendment Act, 2019, for enhanced penalties (including Speeding, drink driving, helmet, SB), came into effect from September 1, 2019.

Section(Old Section)Old Provision/PropertyNew Proposed Provision/Minimum Penalties
177GeneralRs 100Rs 500
New 177ARules of road regulation violationRs 100Rs 500
178Travel without ticketRs 100Rs 500
179Disobedience of orders of authoritiesRs 100Rs 500
180Unauthorized use of vehicles without licenceRs 1,000Rs 5,000
181Driving without licenceRs 500Rs 5,000
182Driving despite disqualificationRs 500Rs 10,000
182 BOversize vehiclesNewNew
183Over speedingRs 400Rs 1,000 for LMV, Rs 2,000 for medium passenger vehicles
184Dangerous driving penaltyRs 1,000Up to Rs 5,000
185Drunken drivingRs 2,000Rs 10,000
189Speeding/ RacingRs 500Rs 5,000
192 AVehicle without permitUp to Rs 5,000Up to Rs 10,000
193Aggregators (violation of licencing conditions)NewRs 25,000 to Rs 1 lakh
194OverloadingRs 2,000 and Rs 1,000 per extra tonneRs 20,000 and Rs 2,000 per extra tonne
194 AOverloading of passengersRs 1,000 per extra passenger
194 BSeat beltRs 100Rs 1,000
194 COverloading of two-wheelersRs 100Rs 2,000, disqualification of licence for three months
194 DHelmetsRs 100Rs 1,000, disqualification of licence for three months
194 ENot providing way for emergency vehiclesNewRs 10,000
196Driving without insuranceRs 1,000Rs 2,000
199Offences by juvenilesNewGuardian/ owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs 25,000 fine with 3 years imprisonment. Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of motor vehicle to be cancelled.
206Power of officers to impound documents Suspension of driving licences u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E.
210 BOffences committed by enforcing authoritiesTwice the penalty under the relevant section.


  1. Seat Belt

Seat belts dramatically reduce risk of death and serious injury. Among drivers and front-seat passengers, seat belts reduce the risk of death by 45%, and cut the risk of serious injury by 50%. People not wearing a seat belt are 30 times more likely to be ejected from a vehicle during a crash. More than 3 out of 4 people who are ejected during a fatal crash die from their injuries.

Front or Back -Always Wear Your Seat Belt

  1. Speed

The speed of motor vehicles is at the core of the road traffic injury problem. Speed influences both crash risk and crash consequence. The physical layout of the road and its surroundings can both encourage and discourage speed. Crash risk increases as speed increases, especially at road junctions and while overtaking – as road users underestimate the speed and overestimate the distance of an approaching vehicle.

  1. Helmet

The main risk factor for motorized two-wheeler users is the non-use of crash helmets. The lack or inappropriate use of helmets increase the risk of fatalities and injuries resulting from road crashes involving motorized twowheelers. Head injuries are a major cause of death, injury and disability among users of motorized twowheel vehicles. Many of these head injuries could have been prevented or their severity reduced through the use of simple and inexpensive helmets. Read More

  1. Drink & Drive

Impairment by alcohol is an important factor influencing both the risk of a road crash as well as the severity of the injuries that result from crashes.

  1. Child Restraints

A child safety seat is a seat designed specifically to protect children from injury or death during vehicle collisions. Child restraints work in the same way as adult seat-belts.

  1. Mobile distractive driving

Using mobile phones can cause drivers to take their eyes off the road, their hands off the steering wheel, and their minds off the road and the surrounding situation. This cognitive distraction have the biggest impact on driving behaviour.


  • We submitted a petition on December 2015 to the Honorable Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari and State Minister for an immediate introduction of Road Safety Bill in monsoon session at central level.
  • At state level our partners have submitted petition to Transport Ministers of the respective states and copies have been sent to Shri Nitin Gadkari.
  • We have received support from 58 Members of Parliament across all parties.
  • Workshops and Candle Marches were held on World Day of Remembrance (WDR) for Road Safety across major states and cities in India like Chandigarh, Lucknow, Cuttack, Bhopal and Patna which were a huge success.
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Some of the important activities that formed part of our campaign were:
  • Consumer VOICE organized Cyclothon (Cycle Rally) event on January 7, 2017  on the occasion of Road Safety Week at Nehru Park, Neeti Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. The theme of the Cyclothon was ‘Child Safety
    and Safer Roads – Every Life Counts’.
  • The VOICE team also approached relevant ministries (Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and Ministry (MORTH) and Ministry of Consumer Affairs to push for the bill.
  • World Day of Remembrance (WDR) was organised in 2015, 2016 and 2017 from 15th till 20th November in 10 states
  • A National workshop was held on February 2015 to brief our state partners to garner support from MPs across states.

World Day of Remembrance 2022

On the third Sunday of November each year, the World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (WDR) is observed. In order to honour the suffering of all impacted victims, families, and communities, it is important to recall the many millions who have been killed or gravely injured on the world’s roadways. Read More

World Day of Remembrance 2021

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was observed on 21st November by Consumer VOICE along with its state partners in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. Workshops, sensitization drives and peace walks were some of the activities that marked the occasion.



Walk to create road safety awareness

November 18, 2019 | The Telegraph

Citizens on Sunday participated in a walk organised by  … Read more

City observes World Day of Remembrance

November 18, 2019 | The Sentinel

Consumer’s Legal Protection Forum, Assam, Consumer VOICE, …. Read more

Road Safety Network urges the government to issue an ordinance on road safety

February15, 2019 | Business Standard

A day after the last session of the current Lok Sabha, the Road Safety Network … Read more

Citizens Awareness Group holds walk in memory of mishap victims

Nov 19, 2018 | Times of India

The Citizens Awareness Group here organized a walk which originated from … Read more

Citizens Awareness Group holds walk

Nov 19, 2018 | The Pioneer

Citizens Awareness Group, Chandigarh with support from Consumer Voice,.. Read more



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