Road Accidents in India – A Stark Reality for All

Road Accidents in India – A Stark Reality for All

Road Accidents in India – A Stark Reality for All

151,417 road fatalities in 2018
467,044 road traffic accidents
479,418 injuries registered in 2018 Children below 18 years accounted for 9977 (6.6%) road deaths and Young & adults in age group of 18 – 35 years accounted for 72,737 (48%) deaths

Least one can say about these facts are that they are alarming!

Road traffic continues to be a major developmental issue, a public health concern and is a leading cause of death and injury across the world killing more than 1.35 million globally in 2016 as reported in the Global Status report on Road Safety 2018 with 90% of these casualties taking place in the developing countries.

India, unfortunately ranks at the top with the highest number of fatalities at about 11% share in the world. It is followed by China and US. The “Road accidents in India 2018″ is an effort by the Ministry to highlight the state-wise data and causes of the accidents and fatalities.

The total number of accident related deaths in 2018 stood at 1,51,417 an increase of 2.3% from 2017. About 85% of the accident related deaths happen in the most productive age group of 18-60. Road accidents deaths not only cause severe trauma to the family of the victim but they also result in huge economic loss to the nation. Consumer VOICE remains deeply committed to reducing road accidents in the country and has been taking several measures to reduce the same.

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Role of Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019:

ROAD SAFETY INITIATIVE

The most important initiative taken by the Ministry this year in respect of Road Safety has been the enactment of the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019 which, provides for a sharp hike in penalties for traffic violations. The other provisions of the Act include setting up of a National Road Safety Board, protection of “Good Samaritan”, cashless treatment during golden hour, provision of third party insurance, constitution of a Motor Vehicle fund with increased compensation for hit and run, automated fitness testing for vehicles, introduction of the provision for recall of vehicles etc.

Overview of Road Accidents in India:

 A total of 4,67,044 road accidents have been reported by States and Union Territories (UTs) in the calendar year 2018, claiming 1,51,417 lives and causing injuries to 4,69,418 persons. In percentage terms, in 2018, the number of accidents has increased by 0.46 percent, persons killed has increased by 2.4%  and injuries have decreased by 0.33 percent over 2017. Road accident severity measured by the number of persons killed per 100 accidents, has seen an increase of 0.6 percentage points in 2018 over the previous year.

During 2018, like the previous two years, young adults in the age group of 18 – 45 years accounted for nearly 69.6 percent of road accident victims. The working age group of 18 – 60 accounted for a share of 84.7 percent in the total road accident deaths.

Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors which accounted for road accidents in India in 2018 are:

Over speeding64.4%
Wrong Lane Driving5.8%
Use of Mobile Phones2.4%
Drunken Driving2.8%
Non-use of helmets29%
Non-Use of seat belts16%

State wise Data:

The State of Tamil Nadu recorded the highest number of road accidents (63, 920) in 2018 while the highest numbers reported as killed  in 2018 were in the State of Uttar Pradesh (22,256).  Both these States have maintained their leads in terms of number of accidents and number of persons killed since 2017 despite the several road safety initiatives taken by both the Central and State Government.

Top 5 States:

Tamil Nadu continues to retain the first rank in terms of accidents across States in 2018, despite a reduction of 2.5%. The State accounts for about 13.7% of the total accidents in the country in 2018. Similarly, the State of Madhya Pradesh maintains its second position in 2018 despite a reduction in accidents by 2,002. The State of Uttar Pradesh moved from the fourth position in 2017 to third in 2018 registering an increase in accidents by 3,785 (9.8%). The State of Karnataka also moved down from third in 2017 to fourth in 2018 registering a decline in accidents by 835 of ie a decline of 2% from 2017. The State of Kerala maintains its fifth position in 2018 by registering an increase of  4.4%  in the number of accidents.

Road Fatalities:

Uttar Pradesh continues to retain the first rank in terms of accident related deaths across States in 2018, registering a 10.6% increase in the number of persons. The State accounts for about 14.7% of the total accident related deaths in the country in 2018. The State of Maharashtra occupies the second rank in terms of accident related deaths in 2018 and has moved up the rank by registering 997 road accidents.

Top 5 Cities:

It will be seen that Chennai ranks first followed by Delhi, Bengluru, Bhopal and Indore in terms of accidents in 2018. While in terms of those killed in 2018, Delhi ranks first followed by Chennai Kanpur, Jaipur and Bengaluru.

Chennai ranks first in road accidents (7,580) and number of persons injured (7,438). Delhi ranks first in number of fatalities (1,690). In terms of road-user categories, the share of two-wheeler riders in total road accident deaths has been the highest (36.5%) in 2018. Pedestrian road-users comprise 15%  of those killed in road accidents during 2018 confirming the share provided by WHO.

Click here for the detailed MoRTH Report

Also Read:

  1. MoRTH Report 2017
  2. MoRTH Report 2016
Stakeholders Consultation in Assam to adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019 to strengthen road safety

Stakeholders Consultation in Assam to adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019 to strengthen road safety

Stakeholders Consultation in Assam to adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019 to strengthen road safety

Consumer Legal Protection Forum with support from Consumer VOICE, New Delhi organized a stakeholder workshop at hotel Aarian Atithya, Guwahati-Assam on 6 September 2019. The main objective of the workshop was to strengthen the road safety aspects of MVA 2019.Recently the Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019 has been passed with the approval of the President of India. This amendment aims to make Indian roads safer, reduce corruption and use technology to overhaul the country’s transportation system. The next step is to frame the Motor Vehicle Rules by Central and State governments to implement the amended law for improving road safety.


The consultation was inaugurated by Shri Ashim Sanyal, Chief Operating Officer Consumer VOICE with an introductory message on road safety. He highlighted the salient features of New Motor Vehicles Act 2019 and various comparable amendments related to road safety.

He said “The amendment Act will help to reduce road fatalities and injuries with the stringent penalties / other provisions and change the road habits of citizens who are breaking the rules. We urge the Assam government to include the new rules of MVA 2019 in the Assam Motor vehicle rules.”

The workshop was attended by various stakeholders including Shri Prasanta Saikia, DCP (Traffic), Commissioner  of Police-Guwahati, Shri Gautam Das, District Transport Officer- Kamrup (R), Shri Joysing Rongphar, MVI, Kamrup and Bikram Gogoi, Enforcement Inspector . All distinguished guests expressed their views on the present road safety scenario  in the state and welcomed the new act.

Shri Gautam Das District Transport Officer- Kamrup welcomed the new rules and said,  “Our state is following the Central government MVA 1988 and also have Assam Motor Vehicles Rules 2003 which also includes the main risk factors of road safety. We will follow and include the new amended rules by MVA 2019 to make stringent enforcements”.

“In the last six months in Assam around 2,359 accidents occurred in which 1,980 people were injured and 928 lost their life. It’s time to take the new rules amended in Motor Vehicles Act 2019 to make police and transport departments enforcement drives more effective to prevent casualties adds District Transport Officer Das. His juniors also presented their positive viewpoints.

The consultation mainly focused on the six vital pillars of road safety (Speed, Helmet, Drunk-Driving, Mobile using while driving, Child Restraints,) which are seen as the best global practice to reduce road casualties. ”Ms. Rinki Sharma –Head Projects, Consumer VOICE presents details about six pillars of road safety and new provisions in amended laws etc.

Shri Ajoy Hazarika, Secretary, Consumer Legal Protection Forum also presented his views on adoption of the new Motor Vehicles  Act to improve road safety measures in the state.

The programme was attended by around 40 people from  transport department, traffic police department, civil societies, students and lawyers communities .

Later there was a meeting held with a Transport Commissioner- Shri Virender  Mittal Transport Secretary, Shri Razvee Hussain  Transport Joint Secretary Shri S. Ahmed  where Shri  Ashim Sanyal and Ms.Rinki Sharma handed over a memorandum mentioning to adopt  the new rules in the state Motor Vehicles Act.

Click here for the Media Coverage

Stakeholders Consultation in Chandigarh to Adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019

Stakeholders Consultation in Chandigarh to Adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019

Stakeholders Consultation in Chandigarh to Adopt new rules of Motor Vehicles Act 2019

Citizens Awareness Group along with Consumer VOICE, New Delhi organized a stakeholder workshop at Press Club, Sector 27-Chandigarh on 30th August 2019. The main objective of the workshop was to strengthen the road safety aspects of MVA 2019.

The consultation started with the introductory message by Shri Ashim Sanyal, COO, Consumer VOICE on road safety. He highlighted the salient features of New Motor Vehicles Act 2019 and various comparable amendments related to road safety.

He said “Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 1988 which came into force in 1989 was a 30 year old act which required a replacement. In the new Motor Vehicles Act 2019 around 89 provisions like increase in penalty related to risk factors such as drunk driving, over speeding, helmet wearing, seat belt and child restraint, culpability of parents of juveniles for violation of rules, provisions for the electronic monitoring and enforcement of road safety, good Samaritan provisions etc are included to strengthen road safety.

Speaking at the event Shri Virat, senior official from Registering and Licensing Authority of Chandigarh welcomes the new provisions in the Motor Vehicles Act 2019. He explained various amendments related to registration and licensing. He mentioned that besides penalties, these clauses are also very important for road users to know. He dwelt upon the centralized licensing and registration provisions.

A discussion also took place on the six pillars of road safety and new provisions, amended laws where Ms. Rinki Sharma, Head Projects-Consumer VOICE highlighted about the new fines on the traffic violations. Shri Surender Verma, Chairperson Citizens Awareness Group also presented his views on adoption of the new Act soon to improve road safety measures in the state.

The program was largely attended by Transport and Traffic Police officials, Students, Media, Civil society organisations and activists working on road safety . The event was well covered by regional media.

 

Later there was a meeting held at the secretariat with Dr.Ajay Kumar Singla, IAS Principal Secretary-Transport Chandigarh Administration, Shri Harjeet Singh Sandhu, Joint Secretary-State Transport Authority where Shri Ashim Sanyal and Ms.Rinki Sharma and Shri Surinder Verma handed over a memorandum mentioning to adopt the new rules in the state Motor Vehicles Act.,
Stakeholders’ Consultation on Road Safety

Stakeholders’ Consultation on Road Safety

Stakeholders’ Consultation on Road Safety

In order to strengthen road safety, Consumer VOICE in association with its state partners of Lucknow, Guwahati and Chandigarh organized stakeholders’ consultation in these cities. The six pillars of road safety were stressed in all the consultations which help in reducing road accidents.

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


Consumer VOICE along with its state partner Consumer Guild organised a stakeholder’s consultation to strengthen road safety in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh on 19th Sep 2019. Purendra Singh, SP, Traffic was the chief guest of the programme. He welcomed the amended act and sought cooperation from all the road users for effective implementation. Vidisha Singh, regional transport officer (enforcement), welcomed the act and told that in Uttar Pradesh road safety cell is dedicated towards meeting the objective. She further said, the state government is taking road safety seriously and working towards reduction in crashes.

Deepak Nigam, a retired district additional judge appreciated the efforts taken up by the Supreme Court committee. The event consultation mainly focused on the six vital pillars of road safety which are seen as the best global practice to reduce road casualties. Ashim Sanyal, COO, Consumer VOICE presented the salient features of the new Act and discussed various comparable amendments related to road safety. Abhishek Shrivastava, chairperson, Consumers Guild appealed to all to cooperate for effective implementation of the amended act to save precious lives lost in crashes. The event was well attended by relevant officials, communities and garnered good media coverage also.

Guwahati, Assam


In Guwahati, Assam a stakeholder’s consultation was organized on 6th September by Consumer Legal Protection Forum supported by Consumer VOICE. Prasanta Saikia, DCP-Traffic, commissionerate of Police, Guwahati, Gautam Das, district transport officer, Kamrup (R), Joysing Rongphar, MVI, Kamrup and Bikram Gogoi, enforcement inspector, were present. They expressed their views on the present road safety scenario and welcomed the new act. Commenting on the issue, Das said, “We were following the Central Government MVA 1988 and also have Assam Motor Vehicles Rules 2003 which also includes the major road safety risk factors. We will follow and include the new amended rules by MVA 2019 to make stringent enforcements.”

The consultation mainly focused on the six vital pillars of road safety which are seen as the best global practice to reduce road casualties. Ashim Sanyal, COO, Consumer VOICE presented the salient features of the new Act and discussed various comparable amendments related to road safety. Rinki Sharma from Consumer VOICE team shared details about six pillars of road safety and new provisions, amended laws etc. Ajoy Hazarika, secretary, Consumer Legal Protection Forum also shared thoughts on the quick adoption of the new Act. Representatives of consumer organizations, police officials and traffic police officials, media persons and organizations working on road safety participated in the consultation. This initiative was also lauded by all relevant stakeholders and the event received very good media coverage.

Chandigarh

Consumer VOICE along with its state partner Citizen Awareness Group, Chandigarh organized a stakeholder’s consultation at Chandigarh on 30th August 2019. The stakeholders’ workshop had effectively covered the implementation of MVAA 2019 and created awareness on road safety pillars.  Shri Virat, Registering and Licensing Authority of Chandigarh graced the workshop as key speaker. He welcomed the MVAA 2019 and explained various amendments related to registration and licensing. He explained that besides penalties, these clauses are also very important for road users to know.

The consultation mainly focused on the six vital pillars of road safety which are seen as the best global practice to reduce road casualties. Ashim Sanyal, COO, Consumer VOICE presented the salient features of the new Act and discussed various comparable amendments related to road safety. Discussion also took place on the six pillars of road safety and new provisions, amended laws etc. Surender Verma, chairperson, Consumer Legal Protection Forum also presented his thoughts on quick adoption of the new Act.  Consumer VOICE and Citizen Awareness Group urged the government for speedy notification. The program was largely attended by transport and traffic police officials, students, media, CSOs and activist working on road safety. Like the other initiatives, this was also covered well by distinguished media houses.

Remembering Victims on WDR – OPEd in Financial Express by Parvesh Verma

Remembering Victims on WDR – OPEd in Financial Express by Parvesh Verma

On the sombre occasion of World Day of Remembrance (WDoR) 2018, Mr Parvesh Verma, Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha requested all citizens to remember those families who have lost their loved ones due to road accidents. Roads Have Stories, was this year’s theme for WDoR. Every year hundreds of lives are lost on the roads in India due to various factors. It is time the government must pass the MVA Bill 2017 to ensure safety on Indian roads.

Remembering the victims, Shri Parvesh Sahib Singh Verma wrote an OpEd in Financial Express. Click here to read the full article.

 

Ordinance on Road Safety

Ordinance on Road Safety

The Road Safety Network has written to the Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari to bring Ordinance on Road Safety. India witnesses 400 deaths every day because of road accidents every day.  Every year nearly 1.5 lakh people are killed in road crashes and another 5 lakh are severely injured, many of them disabled for life.

India is a signatory to the Brasilia Declaration, where the country made a commitment to reduce road crash deaths by 50% by 2020. The deadline is fast approaching, and India is nowhere close to meeting the target. In order to save lives, India must pass strong laws. However, that seems potentially weak now.

With the conclusion of the Budget session of the Parliament and the impending dissolution of the Lok Sabha ahead of General Elections, the Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill, 2017 which proposes strong amendments will lapse. An Ordinance specifically on the critical road safety aspects of the Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill before the Model Code of Conduct sets in can potentially reduce the high death toll due to road crashes.

However, after the failure to get the Bill passed and the country looking at imminent lapse of the Bill, the network urged the Government to take the extraordinary measure of issuing an ordinance to save lives.

“The government had committed to bringing a strong road safety law since 2014 and many statements of the Minister indicated his commitment to reduce road casualties. Since his efforts in Parliament to pass the Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill have failed to garner support, we urge the Minister to bring Ordinance in the interim period on this important issue so that lives can be saved on roads”, said Ashim Sanyal, COO of Consumer Voice. He also stressed that the  Ordinance will not only serve as a bridge till the next Government is voted in but also help in putting in place an enabling framework to help save lives.