Infrastructure mutual funds are mutual funds that invest in the infrastructure sector or its ancillary companies that own, manufacture and operate infrastructure assets or infrastructure projects. Infrastructure is said to be the tangible aspects such as roads, railways, transportation, electricity and so on which are indispensable to the day-to- day functioning of an economy. The state of the infrastructure is instrumental in determining whether the economy is a developed or developing economy. Infrastructure assets include: toll roads, airports, communication assets such as broadcasting and telecom towers, materials-handling facilities such as docks, rail facilities and other transport assets, and utilities such as electricity, power lines and gas pipelines.
The companies invested in these sectors could be directly linked to infrastructure (such as construction or production of capital goods) or indirectly benefit from sectors like banking and metal. Currently these funds are heavily tilted in their investments toward sectors like auto and auto ancillaries, banking and financial services, fast-moving consumer goods, telecom, constructions and projects, and petroleum and gas. We have encapsulated all you need to know about Infrastructure Mutual Fund Investments, to read more on a comparative test on which is the best infrastructure brand to invest click here.
WHY HAVE INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDS IN YOUR MF PORTFOLIO?
- Infrastructure funds are likely to perform better during the next 3 to 5 years (the 2017-18 Budget has provided Rs 241,387 crore for the infrastructure sector [with Rs 131,000 crore for railways]).
- The present government is bullish on providing infrastructure (like roads, rails and shipping) to boost the economy and also create substantial employment opportunities.
- The general expectation is that capital expenditure, both from private companies and the Government, is likely to increase in the coming years.
- The investor market expects falling interest rates: if true, it is bound to provide a fillip to private companies in expanding their capacities.
- Diversify your portfolio and limit your exposure to a particular sector. It's a thumb rule of investment that one must not take too much risk.
- Keep your exposure to a particular infra sector to 10-15 per cent of the total investment portfolio.
- By spreading your investments across sectors, you can minimise your risks to a great extent.
- Invest through a systematic investment plan (SIP) or a systematic transfer plan (STP) to benefit from any likely volatility in the market.
- As the wise ones say, always diversify your portfolio and limit your exposure to a particular sector. Hence, desist from investing a lump sum in infrastructure funds.
- Maximise your investments within a time frame of three to five years (infra funds have given better returns over a three-year investment period than for a five-seven- year period).
- When the stock markets crashed in 2008, infra funds did not get over the negative impact till 2014. With the new government in office, the sector is picking up. But don't throw caution to the winds.
- In a growth-oriented economy, infrastructure funds may not get you stable income in the short term but the fund seeks to achieve capital growth in the medium term.
Remember These 3 Points
- Take prudent exposure while building up your investment portfolio.
- Go for a three-year investment period
- Look for a SIP investment mode.
TYPES OF MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS
1) CERTIFICATE OF DEPOSIT (CD)
These are timed deposits like fixed deposits(FD) offered by scheduled commercial banks. The only difference between FD and CD is that you cannot withdraw CD before the expiry of the term.
2) COMMERCIAL PAPER (CPS) OR PROMISSORY NOTES
Commercial Papers are issued by companies and other financial institutions which have a high credit rating. These are unsecured instruments which are issued at the lower/discounted rate and redeemed at face value. The difference is the return earned by the investor.
3) TREASURY BILLS (T-BILLS)
T-bills are issued by the Government of India to raise money for a short-term of up to 365 days. These are the safest instruments as these are backed by the guarantee of government. The rate of return, also known as risk-free rate, is low on these treasure bills compared to all other instruments.
FEATURES OF LIQUID FUNDS
- They have no lock-in period, withdrawals from liquid funds are processed within 24 hours on business days.
- Liquid funds have the lowest interest rate risk among debt funds because they primarily invest in fixed income securities with short maturity.
- Liquid funds have no entry load and exit loads, that means there is no penalty for exiting or breaking them
- Dividends received are tax-free. However, taxation is applicable
RETURNS FROM LIQUID FUNDS
Liquid funds are among the best investment options for the short term during a high inflation environment. Recent data shows that banks are taking fresh exposures in liquid funds which shows a high degree of safety and confidence in liquid funds.
STEPS TO INVEST IN LIQUID FUNDS ONLINE:
Investing in Liquid Funds is simple and easily can be done through a company or online. If you want to invest in liquid funds online, use the following steps, you can start your investment journey:
- Sign in at any certified website like cleartax.in
- Enter your personal details regarding the amount of investment and period of investment
- Get your e-KYC done in less than 5 minutes
- Invest in your debt fund of your choice from amongst the hand-picked mutual funds
This is an overview of liquid funds and the benefits. There are other parameters to consider like which is the right time and the best liquid fund to choose from. The decision to choose is forthcoming for people who want to make short term investments.
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