Health Effects of Acrylamide Consumption
Acrylamide is a chemical compound that is formed in some foods when they undergo high-temperature cooking processes like frying, roasting and baking. Sugars and an amino acid (asparagine), which are naturally present in food items are responsible for acrylamide formation. These food items include potatoes, coffee, cereals, etc. According to USFDA, it is not formed/ or formed at lower levels in animal-based food products such as -dairy, meat and fish products. Acrylamide could be formed in food prepared at home or commercially available food items including ready-to-eat food items.
Acrylamide has probably always been present in cooked foods. However, acrylamide was first detected in certain foods in April 2002.
Since acrylamide is formed through cooking, acrylamide levels in cooked organic foods should be similar to levels in cooked non-organic foods.
Why Is Acrylamide Harmful for Health?
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) grades acrylamide as a “probable human carcinogen”, and National Toxicology Program (NTP), USA classifies it as “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.” It is also capable of causing nerve damage function (including muscle weakness and impaired muscle coordination) in human beings. The Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), in 2010 states acrylamideto be a human health concern, and acrylamide levels in food should be reduced.
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